The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

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The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by TheSkyBurner » Wed Oct 10, 2018 8:37 am

Looking over some of my old data, and I rediscovered this animation I call "the solar ghost"
apollo-lasky-solar ghost.gif
apollo-lasky-solar ghost.gif (3.82 MiB) Viewed 245 times
So. Why does a sunspot core, exhaust/vent a filament? This is a hydrogen alpha image that is offband. What is inside the center of the sunspot?


Most unknown natural phenomena can be visualized by man made events, and sometimes other natural events. These examples can try to explain an unknown event. Large or small scale, examples can be found and used to place the right correlation to make a solid case with new evidence.

I liken "the ghost" to a black smoker, deep in the ocean. These are "hydro thermal" vents pouring heavy material from deep within the earth, there is only one place for the lighter vaporized bulk of the material to go. Up. Image


The ghost can also be visualized by the over-heated radiator fluid in a car. When the coolant liquid heats up beyond its thermal stability, a huge plume of lighter vapor will jet out of the radiator cap and disperse across the air.
radiator.jpg
radiator.jpg (36.3 KiB) Viewed 245 times
We can also then conclude, that sunspot cores are similar to a volcano; some type of internal pressure, or heat build up is pressing against a very solid surface tension, where again; too much pressure builds up to force the cap explosion releasing billions of tons of cold ash into the upper atmosphere.
Image


Now lets place these facts into perspective. The sunspot is colder than the surrounding material. The material below the sunspot, is much hotter than the sunspot umbra, and the surrounding zone of material. With the diagram, we can assume that the same process involved with a hydrothermal black smoker can be applied to the core of the sunspot. Imagine the penumbra being slightly warmer than the umbra(we know it is). But the penumbra is very much colder than the material underneath the sunspot, and only slightly colder than the surrounding convection zone of material surrounding the penumbra.

Inflows and outflows are visually apparent when observing the penumbral waves;
apollo lasky penumbral waves 2.gif
apollo lasky penumbral waves 2.gif (232.75 KiB) Viewed 244 times
This event is pushing and pulling convection zone material into and out of the sunspot umbra and likely headed into some kind of "pore". A pore would be a centralized hole or opening only slightly underneath the umbra which slowly lets the outflows go and possibly some backflow when a vacuum state is reached. We know the sun is made of vaporized / super fluid like metals. The same is true for the core of the earth. When these metals cool they become more solid and some become brittle, or even ice like; some can become poreus. This material will then form a thin layer or bridge that actually "corks" the central pore.
hydrothermal_vent1348441162469.jpg
hydrothermal_vent1348441162469.jpg (75.04 KiB) Viewed 245 times
Just like a volcano, when the surrounding metals and silicates cool, They to start forming a cork or bridge, the inflow of material slowly stops and the layers beneath the cork no longer have a place to outflow. Just like the hotter material from the core of the earth, and the hotter material beneath the photosphere of the umbra; slowly rises. It forms a crest just beneath the umbral cork where the Pore was. Eventually this now extremely pressurized hotter core material rises heats, and expands to the point of no return. The energy is released through the path of least resistance, the area where the original pore was or sometimes just right through cork.

What you get is the dark cloud of material jetting out of the sunspot, which is likely vaporized "cork" material that was repeatedly exposed to the slowly growing solar core material. The slightly solid; cooler crest mass of material that was holding down all that deep core heated material underneath the photosphere.

The material is then distributed and dispersed across the surrounding area and will linger if there is not a strong enough solar wind to carry it away. It is highly magnetized and highly metallic. Hydrogen is after all a still considered a metal.. But hydrogen is not the only material released, since we know that the sun also contains iron and silicon just like the earth. We should assume that the core of the sunspot itself has a very similar structure to earths magma. The properties of solid and liquid states based on the surrounding temperatures can also be applied here. The sun is super heated, and the sunspot core is colder than the surrounding areas which is why it appears darker. The vent material is also colder than the surrounding are which is why it appears as black as the sunspot core.

Elements behave very strangely when super heated and super cooled, helium for example turns liquid just above absolute zero and can flow through solid material. This is where I get my example of the super heated hydrogen, getting the "ghost ability" to pass right through the much colder cork material.

I have every reason to believe that super heated hydrogen a similar reaction, beneath the sunspot core. When the super heated hydrogen below the cooled iron/silicon "cork" reaches a very specific temperature it can pass right through this material as if it were a sive. While it is passing through, it can then slowly heat and melt or disintegrate the surrounding cold cork material which allows the stability to rupture and create the new pore; allowing hydrothermal venting of the pressure. What you get is the cloud of filament that you see, composed not only of hydrogen but also the colder sunspot "cork" material.
hydrothermal-vent-diagram_imagelarge.jpg
hydrothermal-vent-diagram_imagelarge.jpg (22.47 KiB) Viewed 245 times


Cheers!
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by TheSkyBurner » Wed Oct 10, 2018 9:15 am

All that information from one single animation:?

https://link.springer.com/article/10.10 ... 014-0551-5

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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by robert » Wed Oct 10, 2018 1:10 pm

Lovely sequence, it shows how interesting off-band images can be, especially animated. I have noticed that but not acted on it very often.
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by TheSkyBurner » Wed Oct 10, 2018 9:06 pm

i tried to reprocess a bit to bring out the cork crest over the umbra a little bit, I am fairly confident these mounds over are more than we think in terms of solidity and density. Even though it is a hot gaseous and vaporized plasma, it appears to be doing something in terms of "belly flop on water" with surface tension. Hydrogen bonds are all very strong.

Something like an ant hill, although made of solid material it is brittle. Just capable of holding the ants inside while they flow in with food while stopping other stuff like rain water. This also allowing the ants flow out, with a controlled amount of other stuff carried by the ants.

then comes the ant-eater wave..
hydrogen cork over core g2.gif
hydrogen cork over core g2.gif (5.8 MiB) Viewed 190 times

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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by marktownley » Thu Oct 11, 2018 6:31 am

Cool animation Apollo!
Image
http://brierleyhillsolar.blogspot.co.uk/
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by Christopher » Thu Oct 11, 2018 4:53 pm

I echo Robert's comments on the value of exploring off-band. Very interesting animation Apollo.
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by christian viladrich » Thu Oct 11, 2018 7:13 pm

Hello Apollo
The first image is interesting. What is the date / hour / min of acquisition ?
Best regards
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by TheSkyBurner » Thu Oct 11, 2018 9:52 pm

christian viladrich wrote:
Thu Oct 11, 2018 7:13 pm
Hello Apollo
The first image is interesting. What is the date / hour / min of acquisition ?
Best regards
Christian
September 10th , 2017 The time ill have to check when i get home. i am 1000 miles away from my computer its stored on.

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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by christian viladrich » Fri Oct 12, 2018 6:55 pm

Thanks !
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by christian viladrich » Sat Oct 13, 2018 4:32 pm

Hello Apollo,
Here is a full disk movie of the event :
https://gong2.nso.edu/products/scaleVie ... uctIndex=0
Your movie is much more impressive !
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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by TheSkyBurner » Sat Oct 13, 2018 5:17 pm

christian viladrich wrote:
Sat Oct 13, 2018 4:32 pm
Hello Apollo,
Here is a full disk movie of the event :
https://gong2.nso.edu/products/scaleVie ... uctIndex=0
Your movie is much more impressive !
thank you much for that! I also captured the massive arcade loops from the xflare.
apollo-lasky-septermber-10th-2017-loop-prominence_1505823501.gif
apollo-lasky-septermber-10th-2017-loop-prominence_1505823501.gif (4.87 MiB) Viewed 64 times

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Re: The hydrogen cork, and the solar ghost by Apollo Lasky

Post by marktownley » Sat Oct 13, 2018 6:56 pm

Stunning animation Apollo!
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http://brierleyhillsolar.blogspot.co.uk/
Solar images, a collection of all the most up to date live solar data on the web, imaging & processing tutorials - please take a look!

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